Valencia is a municipality and a city in Spain, capital of the province of Valencia. With a population of 786,424 inhabitants (INE 2014), amounting to 1,550,885 inhabitants if we include the conurbation, it is the third most populous city and metropolitan area of Spain, behind Madrid and Barcelona.
Previously Valencia was also the capital of the former county of Huerta de Valencia, an area that disintegrated in 1987 to form the regions of the North Huerta Sur Huerta Huerta West and Valencia, thus constituting the only city-region of Valencian Community.
|Valencia flag||Coat of Valencia|
Valencia is located on the banks of the River Turia, on the east coast of the Iberian Peninsula, right in the center of the Gulf of Valencia, although at the time the Romans founded in 138 BC It was on a river island in the Turia, about four kilometers from the sea. Several centuries later, in 711 the Muslims occupied the city, bringing their language, religion and customs, such as the introduction of irrigation systems and the introduction of new crops. In 1238 the Christian King James I of Aragon reconquered the city, and divided the land among the nobles who helped him to conquer, as is testified in the Llibre of Repartiment and also created a new law for the city, the Jurisdictions Valencia, which were extended to the rest of the kingdom of Valencia. In the eighteenth century, Felipe V abolished the privileges as punishment to the kingdom of Valencia by side with the austracistas in the War of Succession in Spain more Valencia 1982 was instituted as the capital of modern Valencia, as stated in the Statute Autonomy.
At about ten kilometers south of the city lies the Albufera of Valencia, which is owned by the City of Valencia since 1911. The lagoon is one of the largest lakes in Spain, as it has about 2,100 hectares, to which must be added an extension of 14,100 hectares of marsh cultivated rice. Because of its cultural, historical and ecological value, this natural landscape was the first natural park declared the Generalitat Valenciana, back in 1986.
Agricultural activities are of great importance and survive in the municipality with a total of 3,973 hectares of Valencian countryside, which is mostly occupied by vegetables, citrus, fruit trees and groundnut fields.
Its historic center is one of the largest in Spain, with approximately 169 hectares, thanks to its historical and architectural heritage and its diverse scenic and cultural sites makes it one of the cities with the highest influx of national and international tourism assembly country. Among its most representative monuments are Miguelete, the Cathedral, the Torres de Serranos and Quart, the Silk Exchange, declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1996, and the City of Arts and Sciences. We also noticed that the Museum of Fine Arts in Valencia is the most important pictorial museum of Valencia for their relevance being one of the first of Spain, as the Valencian Institute of Modern Art (IVAM), which aims objective research and disseminate the art schematic century XX.Mapa Valencia: Valencia City constituted, in fact the center of the Kingdom, around it, a network of villas vertebraban the territory Getting the influence of the capital to the farthest corners of the kingdom.